3 years ago

Folate and Heptamethine Cyanine Modified Chitosan-Based Nanotheranostics for Tumor Targeted Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy

Folate and Heptamethine Cyanine Modified Chitosan-Based Nanotheranostics for Tumor Targeted Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy
Xiaodong Xie, Huijuan Zhang, Ziying Li, Yu Gao, Tingting Lv, Yingying Zhang, Haijun Chen
Folate (FA) and heptamethine cyanine (Cy7)-modified chitosan (CF7) was synthesized by click chemistry and its self-assembled nanoparticles (CF7Ns) were developed for tumor-specific imaging and photodynamic therapy. The characterization spectrum confirmed CF7 had a good FA and Cy7 conjugation efficacy. The diameter of CF7Ns measured by DLS was about 291.6 nm, and the morphology observed with AFM showed filamentous clusters of particles. The results of targeting ability of CF7Ns demonstrated enhanced targeting behaviors of CF7Ns compared with non-FA-modified nanoparticles C7Ns in FA receptor-positive HeLa cells. The cytotoxicity and cell apoptosis assay showed that CF7Ns under near-infrared light irradiation led to more apoptotic cell death in HeLa cells to improve the therapeutic efficacy. The mechanisms of the photodynamic effects of CF7Ns were demonstrated through measurement of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the apoptosis-related cytokines. These results suggested that CF7Ns are promising tumor targeting carriers for simultaneous fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00466

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00466

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