3 years ago

Glucose-induced Changes in Gene Expression in Human Pancreatic Islets - Causes or Consequences of Chronic Hyperglycemia.

Dysregulation of gene expression in islets from type 2 diabetic patients might be causally involved in the development of hyperglycemia or it could develop as a consequence of hyperglycemia, i.e. glucotoxicity. To separate the genes potentially causally involved in pathogenesis from those likely to be secondary to the hyperglycemia we exposed islets from human donors to normal or high glucose concentrations for 24 hours and analyzed gene expression. We compared these findings with gene expression in islets from donors with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and hyperglycemia (HG, including T2D). The genes whose expression changed in the same direction after short-term glucose exposure as in T2D were considered most likely to be a consequence of hyperglycemia. Genes whose expression changed in HG but not after short-term glucose exposure, in particular genes that also correlated with insulin secretion, were considered the strongest candidates for causal involvement in T2D. E.g. ERO1LB, DOCK10, IGSF11 and PRR14L were down-regulated in HG and correlated positively with insulin secretion suggesting a protective role while TMEM132C was up-regulated in HG and correlated negatively with insulin secretion suggesting a potential pathogenic role.This study provides a catalogue of gene expression changes in human pancreatic islets after exposure to glucose.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.2337/db17-0311

DOI: 10.2337/db17-0311

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.