5 years ago

Widespread intra-dependencies in the removal of introns from human transcripts.

Caitlin G. Hull, Allison J. Taggart, Barsha Shrestha, Jing Wang, William G. Fairbrother, Claire Heintzelman, Kamil J. Cygan, Seong Won Kim
Research into the problem of splice site selection has followed a reductionist approach focused on how individual splice sites are recognized. Early applications of information theory uncovered an inconsistency. Human splice signals do not contain enough information to explain the observed fidelity of splicing. Here, we conclude that introns do not necessarily contain 'missing' information but rather may require definition from neighboring processing events. For example, there are known cases where an intronic mutation disrupts the splicing of not only the local intron but also adjacent introns. We present a genome-wide measurement of the order of splicing within human transcripts. The observed order of splicing cannot be explained by a simple kinetic model. Simulations reveal a bias toward a particular, transcript-specific order of intron removal in human genes. We validate an extreme class of intron that can only splice in a multi-intron context. Special categories of splicing such as exon circularization, first and last intron processing, alternative 5 and 3'ss usage and exon skipping are marked by distinct patterns of ordered intron removal. Excessive intronic length and silencer density tend to delay splicing. Shorter introns that contain enhancers splice early.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkx661

DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkx661

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.