5 years ago

MicroRNA-148a overexpression improves the early development of porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos

Lihua Cao, Ting Yang, Shihai Huang, Haiyan Li, Deshun Shi, Yan Zhang, Jianrong Jiang, Ping Wang, Xiangping Li

by Ping Wang, Xiangping Li, Lihua Cao, Shihai Huang, Haiyan Li, Yan Zhang, Ting Yang, Jianrong Jiang, Deshun Shi

Incomplete epigenetic reprogramming of donor cell nuclei is one of the main contributors to the low efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). To improve the success of SCNT, somatic cell DNA methylation levels must be reduced to those levels found in totipotent embryonic cells. Recent studies have demonstrated that miR-148a can affect DNA methylation via DNMT1 modulation in various cancers. Therefore, the focus of this study was to examine the influence of miR-148a on DNA methylation in donor cells and in SCNT embryo development. Thus, a stable cell line overexpressing miR-148a was established and used to produce SCNT embryos. Upon examination, DNMT1 was found to be a miR-148a target in porcine fetal fibroblasts (PFF). Furthermore, miR-148a overexpression in PFFs significantly decreased DNMT1 expression and global DNA methylation levels (P < 0.05). Moreover, miRNA-148a expression levels in SCNT embryos were significantly lower at the 2-cell and 4-cell stages when compared to IVF and parthenogenetic embryos. The group overexpressing miRNA-148a also showed a significant increase in blastocyst formation and total cell numbers (P < 0.05). Additionally, miR-148a overexpression altered the immunofluorescence signal of 5-mC and H3K9ac, and enhanced pluripotent gene (Oct4 and Nanog) expression levels during embryo development. These results indicate that miR-148a overexpression enhances the developmental potential of SCNT embryos and modifies epigenetic status.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180535

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