3 years ago

Modelling APOE ɛ3/4 allele-associated sporadic Alzheimer's disease in an induced neuron.

The recent generation of induced neurons by direct lineage conversion holds promise for in vitro modelling of sporadic Alzheimer's disease. Here, we report the generation of induced neuron-based model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease in mice and humans, and used this system to explore the pathogenic mechanisms resulting from the sporadic Alzheimer's disease risk factor apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ3/4 allele. We show that mouse and human induced neurons overexpressing mutant amyloid precursor protein in the background of APOE ɛ3/4 allele exhibit altered amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, abnormally increased production of amyloid-β42 and hyperphosphorylation of tau. Importantly, we demonstrate that APOE ɛ3/4 patient induced neuron culture models can faithfully recapitulate molecular signatures seen in APOE ɛ3/4-associated sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients. Moreover, analysis of the gene network derived from APOE ɛ3/4 patient induced neurons reveals a strong interaction between APOE ɛ3/4 and another Alzheimer's disease risk factor, desmoglein 2 (DSG2). Knockdown of DSG2 in APOE ɛ3/4 induced neurons effectively rescued defective APP processing, demonstrating the functional importance of this interaction. These data provide a direct connection between APOE ɛ3/4 and another Alzheimer's disease susceptibility gene and demonstrate in proof of principle the utility of induced neuron-based modelling of Alzheimer's disease for therapeutic discovery.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awx144

DOI: 10.1093/brain/awx144

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.