4 years ago

Designed Spiroketal Protein Modulation

Designed Spiroketal Protein Modulation
Christian Ottmann, Luc Brunsveld, Seppe Leysen, Anna K. H. Hirsch, Lech-Gustav Milroy, Sebastian A. Andrei, M. Yagiz Unver, Marcel Scheepstra
Spiroketals are structural motifs found in many biologically active natural products, which has stimulated considerable efforts toward their synthesis and interest in their use as drug lead compounds. Despite this, the use of spiroketals, and especially bisbenzanulated spiroketals, in a structure-based drug discovery setting has not been convincingly demonstrated. Herein, we report the rational design of a bisbenzannulated spiroketal that potently binds to the retinoid X receptor (RXR) thereby inducing partial co-activator recruitment. We solved the crystal structure of the spiroketal–hRXRα–TIF2 ternary complex, and identified a canonical allosteric mechanism as a possible explanation for the partial agonist behavior of our spiroketal. Our co-crystal structure, the first of a designed spiroketal–protein complex, suggests that spiroketals can be designed to selectively target other nuclear receptor subtypes. Spiroketals for drug discovery: The structure-based design, synthesis, and biochemical as well as structural validation of a spiroketal protein modulator are reported. The data suggests that the bisbenzannulated spiroketal functions as a potent partial agonist of the retinoid X receptor, thus highlighting the potential of spiroketals as de novo drug lead compounds.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201612504

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