5 years ago

Mesenchymal stem cells promote hepatocarcinogenesis via lncRNA-MUF interaction with ANXA2 and miR-34a.

Accumulating evidence suggests that cancer-associated mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) contribute to the development and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) has been associated with these processes but cellular mechanisms are obscure. In this study, we report that HCC-associated mesenchymal stem cells (HCC-MSC) promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and liver tumorigenesis. We identified a novel lncRNA that we termed lncRNA-MUF (MSC upregulated factor) that is highly expressed in HCC tissues and correlated with poor prognosis. Depleting lncRNA-MUF in HCC cells repressed EMT and inhibited their tumorigenic potential. Conversely, lncRNA-MUF overexpression accelerated EMT and malignant capacity. Mechanistic investigations showed that lncRNA-MUF bound annexin A2 (ANXA2) and activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling and EMT. Furthermore, lncRNA-MUF acted as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-34a, leading to Snail1 upregulation and EMT activation. Collectively, our findings establish a lncRNA mediated process in MSC that facilitates hepatocarcinogenesis, with potential implications for therapeutic targeting.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-1915

DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-1915

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.