5 years ago

1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (PLAG) reduces hepatic injury in concanavalin A-treated mice

Young-Eun Ko, Ki-Young Sohn, Sun Young Yoon, Sun-yung Ly, Jae Wha Kim, Joo-Heon Kim
1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (PLAG), a chemically synthesized monoacetyldiaglyceride, is one of the constituents in Sika deer antlers and has been known traditionally as having immunomodulatory effects. However, the mechanism by which PLAG controls neutrophil migration, which evokes liver injury in the hepatitis animal model, remains largely unknown. This study was designed to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of PLAG on cytokine secretion and neutrophil migration in vivo and in vitro. The injection of mice with Concanavalin A (Con A) induced leukocyte infiltration in the liver and increased plasma cytokine levels. Pretreatment with PLAG reduced the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10, and CXCL2, but maintained interferon (IFN)-γ levels and modulated neutrophil recruitment towards the liver. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of IL-4 and CXCL2 in liver tissue were also decreased in the Con A-treated mice. Liver histology analyses showed that PLAG reduced Con A-induced hepatic necrosis, which was accompanied by leukocyte infiltration. The in vitro studies revealed that PLAG reduced IL-4 secretion in Con A stimulated T cell and blocked signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) Con A induced hepatocyte. PLAG attenuated IL-4 induced activation of atypical protein kinase C (PKC)/ STAT6 in hepatocytes and inhibited neutrophil migration towards the liver tissue through suppression of IL-8/vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) expression. These results suggest that PLAG could mitigate excess neutrophil migration into liver tissue and potentially have a therapeutic effect on immune-mediated liver injury. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26299

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