3 years ago

Temperature-Insensitive Piezoelectric Performance in Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.42Sn0.02Nb0.04)O3 Ceramics Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering

Temperature-Insensitive Piezoelectric Performance in Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.42Sn0.02Nb0.04)O3 Ceramics Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering
Yu Han, Bing Han, Mao-Hua Zhang, Xin Chen, Chunlin Zhao, Ke Wang, Hao Cheng Thong, Duan Hu, Zhi-Xiang Zhu
Dense Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.42Sn0.02Nb0.04)O3 high-performance piezoceramics were prepared by spark plasma sintering. Phase structure, domain structure, and temperature-dependent electrical properties were systematically investigated. The spark-plasma-sintered ceramics possess a pure perovskite structure with rhombohedral–tetragonal (R–T) phase boundaries and a high Curie temperature of 347 °C. Reliable performance against temperature was observed. First, high strain behavior with a normalized strain d33* of 640 and 710 pm/V occurred at 25 and 150 °C, respectively, varying less than 11%. Besides, a large remnant polarization Pr of 36.9 μC/cm2 is observed at room temperature and varies less than 18% within the temperature range of 25–150 °C. In addition, an enhanced piezoelectric coefficient d33 of ∼460 pm/V was attained at a high temperature of 150 °C, manifesting a 40% enhancement with respect to the d33 value (330 pm/V) obtained at room temperature.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b09825

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b09825

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