3 years ago

Hydrothermal Preparation, Crystal Chemistry, and Redox Properties of Iron Muscovite Clay

Hydrothermal Preparation, Crystal Chemistry, and Redox Properties of Iron Muscovite Clay
Kyle Nolan, Brent C. Melot, Shiliang Zhou, Nicholas H. Bashian, G. K. Surya Prakash, Moulay-Tahar Sougrati, Sankarganesh Krishnamoorthy, Jue Liu, Katharine Page, Erica S. Howard, Geovanni M. Rangel
The development of functional materials based on Earth-abundant, environmentally benign compositions is critical for ensuring their commercial viability and sustainable production. Here we present an investigation into the crystal chemistry and electrochemical properties of the muscovite clay KFe2.75Si3.25O10(OH)2. We first report a low-temperature hydrothermal reaction that allows for a significant degree of control over sample crystallinity, particle morphology, and cation distribution through the lattice. A complex sequence of stacking faults is identified and characterized using a combination of Mössbauer spectroscopy and total scattering neutron experiments. We then show the existence of a reversible electrochemical process using galvanostatic cycling with complementary cyclic voltammetry suggesting that the redox activity occurs primarily on the surface of the particles. We conclude by determining that the ability to (de)intercalate Li ions from the material is hindered by the strong negative charge on the transition metal silicate layers, which prevents the displacement of the interlayer K ions. This work calls attention to a hugely Earth-abundant family of minerals that possesses useful electrochemical properties that warrant further exploration.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08729

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08729

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