5 years ago

Single lipoaminoglycoside promotes efficient intracellular antibody delivery: a comprehensive insight into the mechanism of action.

Pitard, Lambert, Poussard, Taveau, Lecomte, Decossas, Dallet
Delivery of biologically active proteins into cells is emerging as important strategy for many applications. Previous experiments have shown that lipoaminoglycosides were capable of delivery of the anti-cytokeratin8 antibody (anti-K8) but only when formulated with lipid helpers potentially leading to toxicity from excess lipids. Here, we optimized anti-K8 delivery with various lipoaminoglycosides in the absence of a lipid helper. Results led to the identification of the aminoglycoside lipid dioleyl phosphoramido ribostamycin (DOPRI) as a potent intracellular delivery system for anti-K8. Electron microscopy revealed that delivered anti-K8 molecules were bound to intermediate filaments in cells. Anti-K8 was bound to the surface of DOPRI vesicles without perturbing lipid organization. Macropinocytosis and caveolin mediated endocytosis contributed to anti-K8 internalization and to filament labelling with a major contribution being made by the caveolin pathway. The results showed that the unique properties of DOPRI were sufficient for efficient intracellular protein delivery without requiring lipid helpers.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2017.09.005

DOI: 10.1016/j.nano.2017.09.005

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