5 years ago

Combining Orthogonal Reactive Groups in Block Copolymers for Functional Nanoparticle Synthesis in a Single Step

Combining Orthogonal Reactive Groups in Block Copolymers for Functional Nanoparticle Synthesis in a Single Step
Kristina Klinker, Matthias Barz, David Huesmann, Lydia Braun, Jennifer Schultze, Kaloian Koynov, Olga Schäfer
We report on the synthesis of polysarcosine-block-poly(S-alkylsulfonyl)-l-cysteine block copolymers, which combine three orthogonal addressable groups enabling site-specific conversion of all reactive entities in a single step. The polymers are readily obtained by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of corresponding α-amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides (NCAs) combining azide and amine chain ends, with a thiol-reactive S-alkylsulfonyl cysteine. Functional group interconversion of chain ends using strain-promoted azide–alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) and activated ester chemistry with NHS- and DBCO-containing fluorescent dyes could be readily performed without affecting the cross-linking reaction between thiols and S-alkylsulfonyl protective groups. Eventually, all three functionalities can be combined in the formation of multifunctional disulfide core cross-linked nanoparticles bearing spatially separated functionalities. The simultaneous attachment of dyes in core and corona during the formation of core-cross-linked nanostructures with controlled morphology is confirmed by fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS).

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00678

DOI: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00678

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