3 years ago

Nanophotonic rare-earth quantum memory with optically controlled retrieval

Evan Miyazono, Sae Woo Nam, Francesco Marsili, Andrei Faraon, Matthew D. Shaw, Jake Rochman, Varun Verma, Andrew D. Beyer, Ioana Craiciu, Marco Bettinelli, John G. Bartholomew, Jonathan M. Kindem, Enrico Cavalli, Tian Zhong

Optical quantum memories are essential elements in quantum networks for long-distance distribution of quantum entanglement. Scalable development of quantum network nodes requires on-chip qubit storage functionality with control of the readout time. We demonstrate a high-fidelity nanophotonic quantum memory based on a mesoscopic neodymium ensemble coupled to a photonic crystal cavity. The nanocavity enables >95% spin polarization for efficient initialization of the atomic frequency comb memory and time bin–selective readout through an enhanced optical Stark shift of the comb frequencies. Our solid-state memory is integrable with other chip-scale photon source and detector devices for multiplexed quantum and classical information processing at the network nodes.

Publisher URL: http://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/357/6358/1392

DOI: 10.1126/science.aan5959

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