5 years ago

Spread of a new Chlamydia trachomatis variant from men who have sex with men to the heterosexual population after replacement and recombination in ompA and pmpH genes

Sexually transmitted infections are frequently related to outbreaks in high-risk populations due to the dense sexual networks. We wanted to determine the dissemination of a Chlamydia trachomatis variant characterized by the pmpH-recombinant gene between L and G genotypes, which was previously described in a high-risk population. Methods A total of 449 samples were analysed in two periods ranging from 2009 to 2015 for detection of the pmpH-recombinant gene. For those samples yielding positive amplification, a sampling was selected for phylogenetic reconstructions based on sequencing of five chromosomal genes. Results Globally this variant was found in 113 of the 449 samples (25%). During the first years (2009–13), this variant was found almost exclusively in rectal samples (30/112 samples) of men who have sex with men and in only one non-rectal sample (1/63). In 2014, this variant was also found in urethral and pharyngeal samples (1/24 and 1/7, respectively). However, in 2015, an epidemiological change was observed as the proportion of this variant had increased in rectal samples (20/51; 39%) and non-rectal samples, including cervical samples (51/142; 36.4%). The molecular characterization revealed the replacement of the ompA gene belonging to subtype G in samples recovered from 2009 to 2013 by the ompA gene belonging to subtype J after 2013. Conclusions Our data would support the evidence that subtype J could be a ‘subtype bridge’ between different sexual networks, as subtype J has been found in men who have sex with men and heterosexual populations in similar proportions. This work reveals the necessity of implementing molecular surveillance in extra-rectal samples to help us understand the gaps in transmission.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1198743X17301751

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.