5 years ago

Oxygen generating nanoparticles for improved photodynamic therapy of hypoxic tumours

Oxygen generating nanoparticles for improved photodynamic therapy of hypoxic tumours
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a clinically approved anti-cancer treatment that involves the activation of an otherwise inactive sensitiser drug with light, which in the presence of molecular oxygen, generates cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). As oxygen is a key requirement for the generation of ROS in PDT and given the fact that hypoxia is a characteristic of most solid cancerous tumours, treating hypoxic tumours using PDT can be a challenge. In this manuscript, we have prepared a CaO2 nanoparticle (NP) formulation coated with a pH-sensitive polymer to enable the controlled generation of molecular oxygen as a function of pH. The polymer coat was designed to protect the particles from decomposition while in circulation but enable their activation at lower pH values in hypoxic regions of solid tumours. The oxygen generating capability of the polymer coated NPs was demonstrated in aqueous solution with minimal oxygen produced at pH7.4, whereas it increased significantly when the pH was reduced to 6.2. The polymer coated CaO2 NPs were also observed to significantly increase tumour pO2 levels (p <0.05) in mice bearing ectopic human xenograft MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic tumours with an average increase in tumour pO2 of 6.5mmHg in the period 10–30min following administration. A statistically significant improvement in PDT mediated efficacy (p <0.001) was also observed when the particles were administered to mice bearing the same tumours 20min prior to PDT treatment. These results suggest that the polymer coated CaO2 NP formulation offers significant potential as an in situ method for oxygen generation to enhance the efficacy of treatments that depend on the presence of oxygen to elicit a cytotoxic effect.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016836591730826X

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.