5 years ago

Prospects and Frontiers of Stem Cell Toxicology.

Yin, Faiola, Liu
The development of stem cell biology has revolutionized regenerative medicine and its clinical applications. Another aspect through which stem cells would benefit human health, is their use in toxicology. In fact, owing to their ability to differentiate into all the lineages of the human body, including germ cells, stem cells and in particular pluripotent stem cells, can be utilized for the assessment, in vitro, of embryonic, developmental, reproductive, organ and functional toxicities, relevant to human physiology, without employing live animal tests and with the possibility of high throughput applications. Thus, stem cell toxicology would tremendously assist in the toxicological evaluation of the increasing number of synthetic chemicals we are exposed to, of which toxicity information is limited. In this review, we introduce stem cell toxicology, as an emerging branch of in vitro toxicology, which offers quick and efficient alternatives to traditional toxicology assessments. We first discuss the development of stem cell toxicology, and then emphasize on its advantages and highlight the achievements of human pluripotent stem cell-based toxicity research.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2017.0150

DOI: 10.1089/scd.2017.0150

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