3 years ago

Cellular metabolism of tumor-associated macrophages – functional impact and consequences

Cellular metabolism of tumor-associated macrophages – functional impact and consequences
Katrin Rabold, Gosse J. Adema, Mihai G. Netea, Romana T. Netea-Maier
Macrophages are innate immune cells that play a role not only in host defense against infections, but also in the pathophysiology of autoimmune and autoinflammatory disorders, as well as cancer. An important feature of macrophages is their high plasticity, with high ability to adapt to environmental changes by adjusting their cellular metabolism and immunological phenotype. Macrophages are one of the most abundant innate immune cells within the tumor microenvironment that have been associated with tumor growth, metastasis, angiogenesis and poor prognosis. In the context of cancer, however, so far little is known about metabolic changes in macrophages, which have been shown to determine functional fate of the cells in other diseases. Here, we review the current knowledge regarding the cellular metabolism of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and discuss its implications for cell function. Understanding the regulation of the cellular metabolism of TAMs may reveal novel therapeutic targets for treatment of malignancies.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.12771

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