3 years ago

Reactions of Sulfur-Containing Organic Compounds and Peptides in 1-Ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium Acetate

Reactions of Sulfur-Containing Organic Compounds and Peptides in 1-Ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium Acetate
Annegret Stark, Alesia A. Tietze, Andreas C. Baumruck, Daniel Tietze
The neat ionic liquid (IL) [C2mim][OAc] is not just capable of dissolving thiol- and disulfide-containing compounds, but is able to chemically react with them without addition of any catalytic reagent. Through the analysis of four small organic molecules and a cysteine-containing peptide we could postulate a general reaction mechanism. Here, the imidazolium-carbenes preferentially react with the disulfide bond, but not thiol group. Moreover, the imidazole moiety was found to abstract the sulfur atom from the cysteine residue, providing an alternative way to transform Cys residues, which were artificially inserted into a peptide sequence in order to perform native chemical ligation (NCL) of two peptide fragments. Finally, the chemical reaction of [C2mim][OAc] with a cysteine-containing biomolecules can be tuned or even suppressed through the addition of at least 30% of water to the reaction mixture.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b01272

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b01272

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