5 years ago

Self-Assembled DNA/Peptide-Based Nanoparticle Exhibiting Synergistic Enzymatic Activity

Self-Assembled DNA/Peptide-Based Nanoparticle Exhibiting Synergistic Enzymatic Activity
Hui Wang, Qing Liu, Xinghua Shi, Baoquan Ding, Zhen-Gang Wang
Designing enzyme-mimicking active sites in artificial systems is key to achieving catalytic efficiencies rivaling those of natural enzymes and can provide valuable insight in the understanding of the natural evolution of enzymes. Here, we report the design of a catalytic hemin-containing nanoparticle with self-assembled guanine-rich nucleic acid/histidine-rich peptide components that mimics the active site and peroxidative activity of hemoproteins. The chemical complementarities between the folded nucleic acid and peptide enable the spatial arrangement of essential elements in the active site and effective activation of hemin. As a result, remarkable synergistic effects of nucleic acid and peptide on the catalytic performances were observed. The turnover number of peroxide reached the order of that of natural peroxidase, and the catalytic efficiency is comparable to that of myoglobin. These results have implications in the precise design of supramolecular enzyme mimetics, particularly those with hierarchical active sites. The assemblies we describe here may also resemble an intermediate in the evolution of contemporary enzymes from the catalytic RNA of primitive cells.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03195

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03195

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