3 years ago

The Mechanism of Electrolyte Gating on High-Tc Cuprates: The Role of Oxygen Migration and Electrostatics

The Mechanism of Electrolyte Gating on High-Tc Cuprates: The Role of Oxygen Migration and Electrostatics
Ariando, Yu Cao, Chi Sin Tang, Kun Han, Shengwei Zeng, Lingchao Zhang, Thirumalai Venkatesan, Teguh Citra Asmara, Xinmao Yin, Wenxiong Zhou, Andrivo Rusydi, Ping Yang, Dongyang Wan
Electrolyte gating is widely used to induce large carrier density modulation on solid surfaces to explore various properties. Most of past works have attributed the charge modulation to electrostatic field effect. However, some recent reports have argued that the electrolyte gating effect in VO2, TiO2, and SrTiO3 originated from field-induced oxygen vacancy formation. This gives rise to a controversy about the gating mechanism, and it is therefore vital to reveal the relationship between the role of electrolyte gating and the intrinsic properties of materials. Here, we report entirely different mechanisms of electrolyte gating on two high-Tc cuprates, NdBa2Cu3O7−δ (NBCO) and Pr2–xCexCuO4 (PCCO), with different crystal structures. We show that field-induced oxygen vacancy formation in CuO chains of NBCO plays the dominant role, while it is mainly an electrostatic field effect in the case of PCCO. The possible reason is that NBCO has mobile oxygen in CuO chains, while PCCO does not. Our study helps clarify the controversy relating to the mechanism of electrolyte gating, leading to a better understanding of the role of oxygen electro migration which is very material specific.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03978

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03978

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