3 years ago

MTORC1 Regulates both General Autophagy and Mitophagy Induction after Oxidative Phosphorylation Uncoupling.

Benito, Guillén, Kido, Bartolomé, García-Aguilar, Pajvani, Asahara
The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (MTORC1) is a critical negative regulator of general autophagy. We hypothesized that MTORC1 may specifically regulate autophagic clearance of damaged mitochondria. To test this, we used cells lacking tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2 -/-), which show constitutive MTORC1 activation. TSC2 -/- cells show MTORC1-dependent impaired autophagic flux after chemical uncoupling of mitochondria, increased mitochondrial protein aging and accumulation of p62/SQSTM1 positive mitochondria. Mitochondrial autophagy (mitophagy) was also deficient in cells lacking TSC2, associated with altered expression of PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) and PARK2 translocation to uncoupled mitochondria, all of which were recovered by MTORC1 inhibition or expression of constitutively active FoxO1. These data prove the necessity of intact MTORC1 signaling to regulate two synergistic processes required for clearance of damaged mitochondria: 1) general autophagy initiation, and 2) PINK1/PARK2-mediated selective targeting of uncoupled mitochondria to the autophagic machinery.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.00441-17

DOI: 10.1128/MCB.00441-17

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