5 years ago

A novel magnetic core-shell nanocomposite Fe 3 O 4 @chitosan@ZnO for the green synthesis of 2-benzimidazoles

Fei Tian, Bo Chen, Libo Niu, Guoyi Bai, Xuejia Gao, Li Huo, Xingwang Lan


A novel magnetic core-shell nanocomposite Fe3O4@Chitosan@ZnO was successfully prepared by in situ chemical precipitation method. It has a clear core-shell structure with magnetic Fe3O4 (about 160 nm in diameter) as core, chitosan as the inner shell, and ZnO as the outer shell, as demonstrated by the transmission electron microscopy and the related elemental mapping. Moreover, this nanocomposite has high magnetization (43.6 emu g−1) so that it can be easily separated from the reaction mixture within 4 s by an external magnetic field. The introduction of the natural chitosan shell, instead of the conventional SiO2 shell, and its combination with the active ZnO ensures this novel nanocomposite green character and good catalytic performance in the synthesis of 2-benzimidazoles with moderate to excellent isolated yields at room temperature. Notably, it can be recycled seven times without appreciable loss of its initial catalytic activity, demonstrating its good stability and making it an attractive candidate for the green synthesis of 2-benzimidazoles.

Graphical abstract

A novel magnetic core-shell nanocomposite exhibited high activity and good stability in the green synthesis of 2-benzimidazoles under mild reaction conditions.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11051-017-4024-2

DOI: 10.1007/s11051-017-4024-2

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