5 years ago

miR-25/93 mediates hypoxia-induced immunosuppression by repressing cGAS

miR-25/93 mediates hypoxia-induced immunosuppression by repressing cGAS
Cheng-Jang Wu, Lorena Martin, Chia-Lin Liu, Wei-Chung Cheng, Li-Fan Lu, Kou-Juey Wu, Su-Feng Chen, Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, Wen-Wei Tsai, Carolyn O’Connor, Min-Zu Wu, Shin Nieh, Yaoh-Shiang Lin
The mechanisms by which hypoxic tumours evade immunological pressure and anti-tumour immunity remain elusive. Here, we report that two hypoxia-responsive microRNAs, miR-25 and miR-93, are important for establishing an immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment by downregulating expression of the DNA sensor cGAS. Mechanistically, miR-25/93 targets NCOA3, an epigenetic factor that maintains basal levels of cGAS expression, leading to repression of cGAS during hypoxia. This allows hypoxic tumour cells to escape immunological responses induced by damage-associated molecular pattern molecules, specifically the release of mitochondrial DNA. Moreover, restoring cGAS expression results in an anti-tumour immune response. Clinically, decreased levels of cGAS are associated with poor prognosis for patients with breast cancer harbouring high levels of miR-25/93. Together, these data suggest that inactivation of the cGAS pathway plays a critical role in tumour progression, and reveal a direct link between hypoxia-responsive miRNAs and adaptive immune responses to the hypoxic tumour microenvironment, thus unveiling potential new therapeutic strategies.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb3615

DOI: 10.1038/ncb3615

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