3 years ago

A review of antimicrobial resistance surveillance programmes in livestock and meat thereof in Europe with a focus on antimicrobial resistance patterns in humans

– Objective of this review was to describe surveillance programmes reporting antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and resistance genes in bacterial isolates from livestock and meat and to compare them with those relevant for human health. Methods – A review has been carried out to identify publications on AMR in European countries. PubMed has been reviewed and AMR monitoring programmes were identified from reports retrieved by internet searches and by contacting national authorities in EU/EEA MSs. Results Three type of systems were identified: European Union (EU) programmes, industry-funded supra-national programmes and national surveillance systems. The mandatory EU-financed programme has led to some harmonisation in national monitoring and provides relevant information on AMR and ESBL/AmpC- and carbapenemase-producing bacteria. At national level AMR surveillance systems in livestock apply heterogeneous sampling, testing and reporting modalities, resulting in incomparability of results. Most reports are not publicly available or are written in native language. The industry-funded monitoring systems undertaken by the Centre Européen d’Etudes pour la Santé Animale (CEESA) examines AMR in bacteria in food-producing animals. Conclusions Characterisation of AMR genes in livestock is applied very heterogeneously among countries. Most antibiotics of human interest are included in animal surveillance although results are difficult to compare due to lack of representativeness of animal samples. We suggest that EU/EEA countries should better uniform AMR monitoring and reporting in livestock and link them better to surveillance systems in humans. Reducing the delay between data collection and publication is also important to allow prompt identification of new resistance patterns.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1198743X17305268

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.