4 years ago

DAF-shielded baculovirus-vectored vaccine enhances protection against malaria sporozoite challenge in mice

DAF-shielded baculovirus-vectored vaccine enhances protection against malaria sporozoite challenge in mice
Shigeto Yoshida, Miako Sakaguchi, Masanori Mizutani, Hidesato Nishiura, Sota Ogata, Hiroyuki Matsuoka, Takahiko Tamura, Daisuke S. Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Iyori
Previous studies have shown that the baculovirus-vectored vaccine based on the “baculovirus dual expression system (BDES)” is an effective vaccine delivery platform for malaria. However, a point of weakness remaining for use of this vaccine platform in vivo concerns viral inactivation by serum complement. In an effort to achieve complement resistance, the gene encoding the human decay-accelerating factor (hDAF) was incorporated into the BDES malaria vaccine expressing the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP). The newly-developed BDES vaccine, designated BDES-sPfCSP2-Spider, effectively displayed hDAF and PfCSP on the surface of the viral envelope, resulting in complement resistance both in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, upon intramuscular inoculation into mice, the BDES-sPfCSP2-Spider vaccine had a higher protective efficacy (60%) than that of the control vaccine BDES-sPfCSP2-Spier (30%) against challenge with transgenic Plasmodium berghei sporozoites expressing PfCSP. DAF-shielded BDES-vaccines offer great potential for development as a new malaria vaccine platform against the sporozoite challenge.
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