3 years ago

RIG-1 and MDA-5 signaling pathways contribute to IFN-β production and viral replication in Porcine circovirus virus type 2-infected PK-15 cells in vitro

Type I Interferons (IFNs) is known for its antiviral activity; however, it is surprising that in vitro treatment of IFN-α and IFN-γ enhanced the replication of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), indicating a complex relationship between interferon and PCV2. To date, it remains poorly understood how the interferon is produced during PCV2 infection and whether the interferon induced by PCV2 itself can promote viral replication. In this study, PCV2 induced the up-regulation of IFN-β in PK-15 cells, while treatment of PCV2-infected cells with the interferon regulatory factor-3 (IRF3) inhibitor, BX795, decreased the expression of IFN-β, whereas treatment with the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) inhibitor, BAY11-7082, did not. These findings indicate that PCV2 can induce IFN-β production via the IRF3-mediated rather than the NF-κB-mediated signal pathway. Moreover, PCV2 increased the protein expression levels of phosphorylation-IRF3 (p-IRF3), mitochondria antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS), retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-1) and melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA-5), and the knockdown of RIG-1 and MDA-5 decreased the expression level of IFN-β in PK-15 cells. Therefore, PCV2 induces IFN-β production via the RIG-1/MDA-5/MAVS/IRF signaling pathway. Furthermore, the PCV2 load and PCV2 infectivity decreased after knockdown of RIG-1 and MDA-5, indicating that RIG-1 and MDA-5 signaling pathways contribute to PCV2 replication. In conclusion, PCV2 induces the production of IFN-β via the RIG-1 and MDA-5 signaling pathways, and the IFN-β produced during PCV2 infection facilitates viral replication. These results will help us further understand the pathogenic mechanisms of PCV2.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378113517307824

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.