3 years ago

Retrospective study of porcine circovirus type 2 infection reveals a novel genotype PCV2f

Q. Luo, S. Mi, H. Guo, F. Bao, W. Gong, G. Zhu, C. Tu
Porcine postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a disease causing severe economic losses annually worldwide to the pig industry. PCV2 infection was first reported in China in 2000, and currently has three major genotypes, PCV2a, b and d, circulating in this country. To further elucidate the origin and prevalence of PCV2 in China, 123 clinical pig tissue samples collected in 25 provinces between 1990 and 1999 were analysed by PCV2-specific PCR, resulting in identification of 23 PCV2 strains collected between 1996 and 1999. Phylogenetic analysis based on the nucleotide sequences of open reading frame 2 (ORF2) showed that 20 of the 23 grouped within PCV2a, while the remaining three strains formed an independent clade, so far unreported and therefore named PCV2f. This genotype shared lower sequence identity with other known genotypes. This study provides further understanding of the genetic diversity and evolution of PCV2 and has tracked PCV2 infection in China back to 1996 rather than 2000.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/tbed.12721

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