3 years ago

Short-term stabilities of 21 amino acids in dried blood spots

K., Higgins, C. H., Lim, R., Borchers, Yang, Lin, Han, J., M. D.
BACKGROUND: Dried blood spots (DBSs) have potential use in remote health applications for individual and population diagnosis, and can enable epidemiological surveillance for known and unknown diseases. The preparation and transportation of DBSs from remote settings often exposes these cards to extreme environmental stress that may impact the quality of the diagnostic data. Given these risks, it is essential to investigate the individual stabilities of biomarkers in DBSs. This paper details the stability of routinely-analyzed amino acids (AAs) on DBSs under environmental conditions that simulate a global health workflow. METHODS: The extractions of 21 AAs from three sets of DBSs prepared on cellulose and cotton filter paper were optimized for quantitation by dansylation-UPLC/MRM-MS. The effects of sunlight exposure, temperature, humidity, and storage time were studied. RESULTS: The AAs were stable in DBSs after 4-hour sunlight exposure, and after storage at -20 and 4 {degrees}C for 30 days. At 25 and 40 {degrees}C, only 7 AAs showed significant concentration decreases over time, while 2 showed concentration increases. The changes were accelerated by high humidity. Histidine was the least stable AA under the conditions tested. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides quantitative data on the short-term stabilities of 21 AAs in DBSs on cellulose and cotton-based filter paper, under environmental conditions that simulate a global-health workflow. These results highlight the importance of assessing the stability of clinically-relevant biomarkers in DBSs. Based on the measured stabilities, we recommend that higher-temperature and high-humidity storage of DBS samples be avoided for AA analysis in remote health applications.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/196295v1

DOI: 10.1101/196295

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