3 years ago

Catalytic Dyad in the SGNH Hydrolase Superfamily: In-depth Insight into Structural Parameters Tuning the Catalytic Process of Extracellular Lipase from Streptomyces rimosus

Catalytic Dyad in the SGNH Hydrolase Superfamily: In-depth Insight into Structural Parameters Tuning the Catalytic Process of Extracellular Lipase from Streptomyces rimosus
Biserka Kojić-Prodić, Zoran Štefanić, Ivana Leščić Ašler, Aleksandra Maršavelski, Robert Vianello
SrLip is an extracellular enzyme from Streptomyces rimosus (Q93MW7) exhibiting lipase, phospholipase, esterase, thioesterase, and tweenase activities. The structure of SrLip is one of a very few lipases, among the 3D-structures of the SGNH superfamily of hydrolases, structurally characterized by synchrotron diffraction data at 1.75 Å resolution (PDB: 5MAL). Its crystal structure was determined by molecular replacement using a homology model based on the crystal structure of phospholipase A1 from Streptomyces albidoflavus (PDB: 4HYQ). The structure reveals the Rossmann-like 3-layer αβα sandwich fold typical of the SGNH superfamily stabilized by three disulfide bonds. The active site shows a catalytic dyad involving Ser10 and His216 with Ser10-OγH···NεHis216, His216-NδH···O═C-Ser214, and Gly54-NH···Oγ-Ser10 hydrogen bonds essential for the catalysis; the carbonyl oxygen of the Ser214 main chain acts as a hydrogen bond acceptor ensuring the orientation of the His216 imidazole ring suitable for a proton transfer. Molecular dynamics simulations of the apoenzyme and its complex with p-nitrophenyl caprylate were used to probe the positioning of the substrate ester group within the active site and its aliphatic chain within the binding site. Quantum-mechanical calculations at the DFT level revealed the precise molecular mechanism of the SrLip catalytic activity, demonstrating that the overall hydrolysis is a two-step process with acylation as the rate-limiting step associated with the activation free energy of ΔGENZ = 17.9 kcal mol–1, being in reasonable agreement with the experimental value of 14.5 kcal mol–1, thus providing strong support in favor of the proposed catalytic mechanism based on a dyad.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.6b01140

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.6b01140

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.