5 years ago

Highly Oriented Low-Dimensional Tin Halide Perovskites with Enhanced Stability and Photovoltaic Performance

Highly Oriented Low-Dimensional Tin Halide Perovskites with Enhanced Stability and Photovoltaic Performance
Yuequn Shang, Zhifang Shi, Qixi Mi, Hefei Liu, Li Na Quan, Dongwen Yang, Yuqin Liao, Brandon R. Sutherland, Wenjia Zhou, Rafael Quintero-Bermudez, Zhijun Ning, Lijun Zhang, Edward H. Sargent, Binghan Li, Xianyuan Jiang
The low toxicity and a near-ideal choice of bandgap make tin perovskite an attractive alternative to lead perovskite in low cost solar cells. However, the development of Sn perovskite solar cells has been impeded by their extremely poor stability when exposed to oxygen. We report low-dimensional Sn perovskites that exhibit markedly enhanced air stability in comparison with their 3D counterparts. The reduced degradation under air exposure is attributed to the improved thermodynamic stability after dimensional reduction, the encapsulating organic ligands, and the compact perovskite film preventing oxygen ingress. We then explore these highly oriented low-dimensional Sn perovskite films in solar cells. The perpendicular growth of the perovskite domains between electrodes allows efficient charge carrier transport, leading to power conversion efficiencies of 5.94% without the requirement of further device structure engineering. We tracked the performance of unencapsulated devices over 100 h and found no appreciable decay in efficiency. These findings raise the prospects of pure Sn perovskites for solar cells application.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b01815

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b01815

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