3 years ago

Hierarchical trimodal macro-mesoporous silica monoliths with co-continuous macrostructures and isotropic skeletons constructed by randomly oriented SBA-15-type primary particles

Hierarchical trimodal macro-mesoporous silica monoliths with co-continuous macrostructures and isotropic skeletons constructed by randomly oriented SBA-15-type primary particles
In this work, it is demonstrated that hierarchical mesoporous silica monoliths (HMSMs) with trimodal porosities can be facilely prepared using P123 as structure-directing agent and tetraethoxysilane as precursor. In such HMSMs, classic co-continuous macrostructures with interconnected macropores and smooth isotropic skeletons can be obtained in a tunable way, depending on the synthesis variables, including the amounts of P123 and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene and acid concentrations. Skeletons feature randomly oriented SBA-15-type primary particles with 2D hexagonally ordered mesochannels largely accessible from bimodal macropores. Co-continuous macropore size of a typical HMSM (P1.2) is 19.6 μm, intra-skeleton macropore of 1.9 μm and mesopore size of 9.9 nm. The BET surface area by N2 sorption and total pore volume by Archimedes principle reach 590 m2 g-1 and 3.56 cm3 g-1, respectively. Based on systematic study on the relationship between synthetic compositions and porous structures, the ternary diagram and formation mechanism of these HMSMs were analyzed.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1387181117306352

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