3 years ago

Wurtzite ZnTe Nanotrees and Nanowires on Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide Glass Substrates

Wurtzite ZnTe Nanotrees and Nanowires on Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide Glass Substrates
Yong Kim, Seon Bin Choi, Man Suk Song
ZnTe nanotrees and nanowires were grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide glass by physical vapor transport. Sn from a fluorine-doped tin oxide layer catalyzed the growth at a growth temperature of 320 °C. Both the stem and branch nanowires grew along ⟨0001⟩ in the rarely observed wurtzite structure. SnTe nanostructures were formed in the liquid catalyst and simultaneously ZnTe nanowire grew under Te-limited conditions, which made the formation of the wurtzite structure energetically favorable. Through polarization-dependent and power-dependent microphotoluminescence measurements from individual wurtzite nanowires at room temperature, we could determine the so far unknown fundamental bandgap of wurtzite ZnTe, which was 2.297 eV and thus 37 meV higher than that of zinc-blend ZnTe. From the analysis of doublet photoluminescence spectra, the valence band splitting energy between heavy hole and light hole bands is estimated to be 69 meV.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01446

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01446

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