5 years ago

The Role of Through-Space Interactions in Modulating Constructive and Destructive Interference Effects in Benzene

The Role of Through-Space Interactions in Modulating Constructive and Destructive Interference Effects in Benzene
Latha Venkataraman, Anders Borges, Sheng Hua Liu, Jianlong Xia, Gemma C. Solomon
Quantum interference effects, whether constructive or destructive, are key to predicting and understanding the electrical conductance of single molecules. Here, through theory and experiment, we investigate a family of benzene-like molecules that exhibit both constructive and destructive interference effects arising due to more than one contact between the molecule and each electrode. In particular, we demonstrate that the π-system of meta-coupled benzene can exhibit constructive interference and its para-coupled analog can exhibit destructive interference, and vice versa, depending on the specific through-space interactions. As a peculiarity, this allows a meta-coupled benzene molecule to exhibit higher conductance than a para-coupled benzene. Our results provide design principles for molecular electronic components with high sensitivity to through-space interactions and demonstrate that increasing the number of contacts between the molecule and electrodes can both increase and decrease the conductance.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01592

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01592

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