3 years ago

Carrier Localization in GaN/AlN Quantum Dots As Revealed by Three-Dimensional Multimicroscopy

Carrier Localization in GaN/AlN Quantum Dots As Revealed by Three-Dimensional Multimicroscopy
Lorenzo Rigutti, Ivan Blum, Florian Moyon, Eva Monroy, François Vurpillot, Aparna Das, Lorenzo Mancini, Williams Lefebvre, David Hernàndez-Maldonado, Jonathan Houard
The localization of carrier states in GaN/AlN self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) is studied by correlative multimicroscopy relying on microphotoluminescence, electron tomography, and atom probe tomography (APT). Optically active field emission tip specimens were prepared by focused ion beam from an epitaxial film containing a stack of quantum dot layers and analyzed with different techniques applied subsequently on the same tip. The transition energies of single QDs were calculated in the framework of a 6-bands k.p model on the basis of APT and scanning transmission electron microscopy characterization showing that a good agreement between experimental and calculated energies can be obtained, overcoming the limitations of both techniques. The results indicate that holes effectively localize at interface fluctuations at the bottom of the QD, decreasing the extent of the wave function and the band-to-band transition energy. They also represent an important step toward the correlation of the three-dimensional atomic scale structural information with the optical properties of single light emitters based on quantum confinement.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01189

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01189

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