3 years ago

Surface Functionalization of Black Phosphorus via Potassium toward High-Performance Complementary Devices

Surface Functionalization of Black Phosphorus via Potassium toward High-Performance Complementary Devices
Li Wang, Jing Wu, Zehua Hu, Sherman J. R. Tan, Bo Lei, Wei Chen, Wei Huang, Fengwei Huo, Dianyu Qi, Yang Bao, Cheng Han, Kian Ping Loh, Du Xiang, Alexandra Carvalho, Lidia C. Gomes
Two-dimensional black phosphorus configured field-effect transistor devices generally show a hole-dominated ambipolar transport characteristic, thereby limiting its applications in complementary electronics. Herein, we demonstrate an effective surface functionalization scheme on few-layer black phosphorus, through in situ surface modification with potassium, with a view toward high performance complementary device applications. Potassium induces a giant electron doping effect on black phosphorus along with a clear bandgap reduction, which is further corroborated by in situ photoelectron spectroscopy characterizations. The electron mobility of black phosphorus is significantly enhanced to 262 (377) cm2 V–1 s–1 by over 1 order of magnitude after potassium modification for two-terminal (four-terminal) measurements. Using lithography technique, a spatially controlled potassium doping technique is developed to establish high-performance complementary devices on a single black phosphorus nanosheet, for example, the p–n homojunction-based diode achieves a near-unity ideality factor of 1.007 with an on/off ratio of ∼104. Our findings coupled with the tunable nature of in situ modification scheme enable black phosphorus as a promising candidate for further complementary electronics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00903

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00903

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.