5 years ago

Directional Emission from Dielectric Leaky-Wave Nanoantennas

Directional Emission from Dielectric Leaky-Wave Nanoantennas
Jens Förstner, Andre Hildebrandt, Manuel Peter, Thomas Zentgraf, Christian Schlickriede, Stefan Linden, Kimia Gharib
An important source of innovation in nanophotonics is the idea to scale down known radio wave technologies to the optical regime. One thoroughly investigated example of this approach are metallic nanoantennas which employ plasmonic resonances to couple localized emitters to selected far-field modes. While metals can be treated as perfect conductors in the microwave regime, their response becomes Drude-like at optical frequencies. Thus, plasmonic nanoantennas are inherently lossy. Moreover, their resonant nature requires precise control of the antenna geometry. A promising way to circumvent these problems is the use of broadband nanoantennas made from low-loss dielectric materials. Here, we report on highly directional emission from hybrid dielectric leaky-wave nanoantennas made of Hafnium dioxide nanostructures deposited on a glass substrate. Colloidal semiconductor quantum dots deposited in the nanoantenna feed gap serve as a local light source. The emission patterns of hybrid nanoantennas with different sizes are measured by Fourier imaging. We find for all antenna sizes a highly directional emission, underlining the broadband operation of our design.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00966

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00966

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