5 years ago

Quantum Dots in Graphene Nanoribbons

Quantum Dots in Graphene Nanoribbons
Xinliang Feng, Shiyong Wang, Vincent Meunier, Roman Fasel, Klaus Müllen, Pascal Ruffieux, Neerav Kharche, Eduardo Costa Girão
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) hold great promise for applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and bioelectronics, but the fabrication of widely tunable GQDs has remained elusive. Here, we report the fabrication of atomically precise GQDs consisting of low-bandgap N = 14 armchair graphene nanoribbon (AGNR) segments that are achieved through edge fusion of N = 7 AGNRs. The so-formed intraribbon GQDs reveal deterministically defined, atomically sharp interfaces between wide and narrow AGNR segments and host a pair of low-lying interface states. Scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy measurements complemented by extensive simulations reveal that their energy splitting depends exponentially on the length of the central narrow bandgap segment. This allows tuning of the fundamental gap of the GQDs over 1 order of magnitude within a few nanometers length range. These results are expected to pave the way for the development of widely tunable intraribbon GQD-based devices.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01244

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01244

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