3 years ago

Charge Dynamics and Optolectronic Properties in HgTe Colloidal Quantum Wells

Charge Dynamics and Optolectronic Properties in HgTe Colloidal Quantum Wells
Hervé Aubin, Eva Izquierdo, Debora Pierucci, Clément Livache, Emmanuel Lhuillier, Mathieu G. Silly, Hervé Cruguel, Bertille Martinez, Marion Dufour, Emmanuelle Lacaze, Sean Keuleyan, Abdelkarim Ouerghi, Sandrine Ithurria, Jean Louis Fave, Loic Becerra, Benoit Dubertret
We investigate the electronic and transport properties of HgTe 2D colloidal quantum wells. We demonstrate that the material can be made p- or n-type depending on the capping ligands. In addition to the control of majority carrier type, the surface chemistry also strongly affects the photoconductivity of the material. These transport measurements are correlated with the electronic structure determined by high resolution X-ray photoemission. We attribute the change of majority carriers to the strong hybridization of an n-doped HgS layer resulting from capping the HgTe nanoplatelets by S2– ions. We further investigate the gate and temperature dependence of the photoresponse and its dynamics. We show that the photocurrent rise and fall times can be tuned from 100 μs to 1 ms using the gate bias. Finally, we use time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy as a probe of the transport relaxation to determine if the observed dynamics are limited by a fundamental process such as trapping. These pump probe surface photovoltage measurements show an even faster relaxation in the 100–500 ns range, which suggests that the current performances are rather limited by geometrical factors.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00683

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00683

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