3 years ago

Short-term changes in diet composition do not affect in vivo hepatic protein synthesis in rats.

Hudson, Hamilton, Kim, Miller, Wei, Stewart, Estrada, Pagliassotti, Peelor, Wang
Protein synthesis is critical to protein homeostasis (proteostasis) and modifications in protein synthesis influence lifespan and the development of co-morbidities associated with obesity. In the present study, we examined the acute response of liver protein synthesis to either high fat or high sucrose diets in order to elucidate nutrient-mediated regulation of hepatic protein synthesis in the absence of body fat accumulation. Total and endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein synthesis were assessed by use of the stable isotope, deuterium oxide ((2)H2O), in rats provided a control diet or diets enriched in polyunsaturated fat, saturated fat, or sucrose for 2, 4, or 7 days. The three experimental diets increased hepatic triglycerides 46-91% on day 7 and fasting insulin levels 83-117% on day 7, but did not result in differences in body weight when compared to control (n=6/diet/time). The fraction of newly synthesized proteins in total liver lysates and microsomes was not significantly different among dietary groups (n=3/diet/time). To determine whether the experimental diets provoked a transcriptional response to enhance the capacity for protein synthesis we also measured a panel of genes linked to amino acid transport, synthesis and processing. There were no significant differences in any of the genes measured among groups. Therefore, dietary treatments that have been linked to impaired proteostasis, and that promote hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance, did not result in significant changes in total or ER-associated protein synthesis in the liver over a 7-day period.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00209.2017

DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00209.2017

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