3 years ago

Giant Enhancement of Defect-Bound Exciton Luminescence and Suppression of Band-Edge Luminescence in Monolayer WSe2–Ag Plasmonic Hybrid Structures

Giant Enhancement of Defect-Bound Exciton Luminescence and Suppression of Band-Edge Luminescence in Monolayer WSe2–Ag Plasmonic Hybrid Structures
Yutsung Tsai, Fei Cheng, Chih-Kang Shih, Alex D. Johnson
We have investigated how the photoluminescence (PL) of WSe2 is modified when coupled to Ag plasmonic structures at low temperature. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown monolayer WSe2 flakes were transferred onto a Ag film and a Ag nanotriangle array that had a 1.5 nm Al2O3 capping layer. Using low-temperature (7.5 K) micro-PL mapping, we simultaneously observed enhancement of the defect-bound exciton emission and quenching of the band edge exciton emission when the WSe2 was on a plasmonic structure. The enhancement of the defect-bound exciton emission was significant with enhancement factors of up to ∼200 for WSe2 on the nanotriangle array when compared to WSe2 on a 1.5 nm Al2O3 capped Si substrate with a 300 nm SiO2 layer. The giant enhancement of the luminescence from the defect-bound excitons is understood in terms of the Purcell effect and increased light absorption. In contrast, the surprising result of luminescence quenching of the bright exciton state on the same plasmonic nanostructure is due to a rather unique electronic structure of WSe2: the existence of a dark state below the bright exciton state.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01364

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01364

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