3 years ago

Synergic “Click” Boronate/Thiosemicarbazone System for Fast and Irreversible Bioorthogonal Conjugation in Live Cells

Synergic “Click” Boronate/Thiosemicarbazone System for Fast and Irreversible Bioorthogonal Conjugation in Live Cells
Gareth Lambkin, Yubin Hao, Caishun Li, Dennis G. Hall, Burcin Akgun, Ratmir Derda
Fast, high-yielding, and selective bioorthogonal “click” reactions employing nontoxic reagents are in high demand for their great utility in the conjugation of biomolecules in live cells. Although a number of click reactions were developed for this purpose, many are associated with drawbacks and limitations that justify the development of alternative systems for both single- or dual-labeling applications. Recent reports have highlighted the potential of boronic ester formation as a bioorthogonal click reaction between abiotic boronic acids and diols. Boronic ester formation is a fast dehydrative process; however it is intrinsically reversible in aqueous medium. We designed and optimized a synergic system based on two bifunctional reagents, a thiosemicarbazide-functionalized nopoldiol and an ortho-acetyl arylboronic acid. Both reagents were shown to be chemically stable and nontoxic to HEK293T cells at concentrations as high as 50 μM. The resulting boronate/thiosemicarbazone adduct is a medium-sized ring that forms rapidly and irreversibly without any catalyst at low μM concentrations, in neutral buffer, with a rate constant of 9 M–1 s–1 as measured by NMR spectroscopy. Control experiments in the presence of competing boronic acids showed no crossover side-products and confirmed the stability and lack of reversibility of the boronate/thiosemicarbazone conjugates. Formation of the conjugates is not affected by the presence of biological diols such as fructose, glucose, and catechol, and the thiosemicarbazide-functionalized nopoldiol is inert to aldehyde electrophiles of the sort found on protein-bound glyoxylyl units. The suitability of this system in the cell-surface labeling of live cells was demonstrated using a SNAP-tag approach to install the boronic acid reagent onto the extracellular domain of the Beta-2 adrenergic receptor in HEK293T cells, followed by incubation with the optimal thiosemicarbazide-functionalized nopoldiol reagent labeled with fluorescein dye. Successful visualization by fluorescence microscopy was possible with a reagent concentration as low as 10 μM, thus confirming the potential of this system in biological applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b08693

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b08693

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.