3 years ago

Structural Basis for Katanin Self-Assembly

Nithiananatham, J., Al-Bassam, McNally, S., F.
The reorganization of microtubules in mitosis, meiosis and development requires the microtubule-severing activity of katanin. Katanin is composed of a AAA ATPase subunit and a regulatory subunit. Microtubule severing requires ATP hydrolysis by katanin's conserved AAA ATPase domains. Whereas other AAA ATPases form stable hexamers, we show that wild-type katanin only forms heterodimers and heterotetramers. Heterododecamers were only observed for an ATP hydrolysis deficient mutant in the presence of ATP, suggesting an auto-inhibition mechanism that prevents oligomerization. X-ray structures of katanin's AAA ATPase in monomeric nucleotide-free and pseudo-oligomeric ADP-bound states reveal conformational changes in AAA subdomains and N and C-terminal expansion segments that explain this auto-inhibition of assembly. These data lead to a model in which self-inhibited heterodimers bind to a microtubule, then transition into an assembly-competent conformation upon ATP binding. Microtubule-bound heterododecamers then promote tubulin extraction from the microtubule prior to oligomer dissociation.

Publisher URL: http://biorxiv.org/cgi/content/short/197558v1

DOI: 10.1101/197558

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