4 years ago

Long-Lived Photoinduced Polarons in Organohalide Perovskites

Long-Lived Photoinduced Polarons in Organohalide Perovskites
Giampiero Ruani, Edoardo Mosconi, Vittorio Morandi, Fabiola Liscio, Filippo De Angelis, Chiara Dionigi, Tanja Ivanovska
The long diffusion length of charge carriers in the CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite is one of the most relevant properties for explaining the high photovoltaic efficiency of perovskite solar cells. As a possible mechanism for the large diffusion length of electrons and holes, several authors suggested a reduced coulomb attraction of the carriers due to the formation of polarons. Here we performed continuous wave far-infrared photoinduced absorption (PIA) experiments on CH3NH3PbI3; spectral changes are associated with local deformation of the lattice around the photogenerated long-lived charges, a typical signature of photoinduced polarons. Ab initio calculations show confinement of charge carriers at the interface between structural domains characterized by a different tilting of the PbI6 octahedra. The differential IR spectrum between unperturbed and perturbed simulated structures shows a close pattern to the experimental PIA. Positive and negative charges are confined in different varieties of the perovskites coherent with the low recombination and long diffusion length of photogenerated carriers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01156

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01156

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