5 years ago

Skewness Analysis in Variance Spectroscopy Measures Nanoparticle Individualization

Skewness Analysis in Variance Spectroscopy Measures Nanoparticle Individualization
Stephen R. Sanchez, Sergei M. Bachilo, Yara Kadria-Vili, R. Bruce Weisman
An important enabling step in nanoparticle studies is the sorting of heterogeneous mixtures to prepare structurally homogeneous samples. It is also necessary to detect and monitor aggregation of the individual nanoparticles. Although variance spectroscopy provides a simple optical method for finding low concentrations of heteroaggregates in samples such as single-walled carbon nanotube dispersions, it cannot detect the homoaggregates that are relevant for well-sorted samples. Here we demonstrate that variance spectral data can be further analyzed to find third moments of intensity distributions (skewness), which reveal the presence of emissive homoaggregates. Using experimental measurements on variously processed nanotube dispersions, we deduce a simple numerical standard for recognizing aggregation in the highly sorted samples that are increasingly available to nanoscience researchers.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01184

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b01184

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