3 years ago

Supramolecular Organization in Calf-Thymus DNA Solutions under Flow in Dependence with DNA Concentration

Supramolecular Organization in Calf-Thymus DNA Solutions under Flow in Dependence with DNA Concentration
Hélène Galliard, J. Humberto Pérez-López, J. F. Armando Soltero, Gabriel Landazuri, Frédéric Pignon, Denis C. D. Roux, E. Rebeca Macías, Marguerite Rinaudo, L. Mónica Bravo-Anaya, Francisco Carvajal Ramos
DNA dynamics and flow properties are of great importance for understanding its functions. DNA is a semiflexible polymer chain characterized by having a large persistence length of around 50 nm and high charge density; DNA chains are interacting efficiently at high concentrations, in dependence of the ionic concentration. In relation with DNA molecular characteristics, it is also known that DNA solutions are able to form liquid crystalline phases over a critical polymer concentration. In this work, the supramolecular organization in calf-thymus DNA solution, with low degree of entanglement, appearing under flow was studied in a wide DNA concentration range from 2 to 10 mg/mL, at a pH of 7.3 and 20 °C. The rheological behavior of the system was studied using steady state flow and oscillatory measurements. Transient regimes were also tested by imposing controlled shear rates on a short time up to steady state. Furthermore, a combination of visual observations and flow birefringence measurements was proposed to reach a better understanding of the obtained rheological behavior. The presence of a shear-induced texture is revealed under flow for the calf-thymus DNA solutions at CDNA> 5 mg/mL and attributed to organized domains of DNA molecules, named in the text as crystalline parts, which are progressively oriented under shear. Finally, at high shear rates (over 100 s–1), it is shown that for the DNA solutions the orientation of these organized DNA domains and connecting chains under flow goes to an anisotropic monodomain.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01174

DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01174

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