5 years ago

Cholesterol-nitrone conjugates as protective agents against lipid oxidation: A model membrane study

Cholesterol-nitrone conjugates as protective agents against lipid oxidation: A model membrane study
Free radical scavengers such as α-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) have been widely used as protective agents in several biological models. We recently designed two PBN derivatives by adding a cholesterol moiety to the parent nitrone to increase its lipophilicity. In addition to the cholesterol, a sugar group was also grafted to enhance the hydrophilic properties at the same time. In the present work we report on the synthesis of a third derivative bearing only a cholesterol moiety and the physical chemical and antioxidant characterization of these three derivatives. We demonstrated they were able to form stable monolayers at the air/water interface and with the two derivatives bearing a sugar group, repulsive interactions with 1,2-dilinoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC) were observed. We next investigated the interaction with DLPC on a liposome model. Fluorescence spectroscopy experiments showed the addition of a cholesterol moiety causes an ordering effect whereas the presence of the sugar group led to a disordering effect. The protective effect against lipid oxidation was then investigated using dynamic light scattering and the formation of conjugated dienes was quantified spectrophotometrically. Two oxidizing systems were tested, i.e. the AAPH-thermolysis which generates peroxyl radicals and the Fenton reagent which is responsible of the formation of hydroxyl radicals. Due to their membrane localization, the three cholesteryl-PBN derivatives are able to prevent lipid oxidation with the two types of radical inducers but with a different mode of action.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0005273617303097

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