4 years ago

Fabrication of Crack-Free Photonic Crystal Films on Superhydrophobic Nanopin Surface

Fabrication of Crack-Free Photonic Crystal Films on Superhydrophobic Nanopin Surface
Youhui Lin, Zhisen Zhang, Wu Qiu, Wenhao Luo, Xiang Yang Liu, Tian Xia, Fan Hu
On the basis of their superior optical performance, photonic crystals (PCs) have been investigated as excellent candidates for widespread applications including sensors, displays, separation processes, and catalysis. However, fabrication of structurally controllable large-area PC assemblies with no defects is still a tough task. Herein, we develop an effective strategy for preparing centimeter-scale crack-free photonic crystal films by the combined effects of soft assembly and superhydrophobic nanopin surfaces. Owing to its large contact angle and low-adhesive force on the superhydrophobic substrate, the colloidal suspension exhibits a continuous retraction of the three-phase (gas–liquid–solid) contact line (TCL) in the process of solvent (water molecules) evaporation. The constantly receding TCL can bring the colloidal spheres closer to each other, which could timely close the gaps due to the loss of water molecules. As a result, close-packed and well-ordered assembly structures can be easily obtained. We expect that this work may pave the way to utilize novel superhydrophobic materials for designing and developing high-quality PCs and to apply PCs in different fields.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b04653

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b04653

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