3 years ago

Co7Fe3 and Co7Fe3@SiO2 Nanospheres with Tunable Diameters for High-Performance Electromagnetic Wave Absorption

Co7Fe3 and Co7Fe3@SiO2 Nanospheres with Tunable Diameters for High-Performance Electromagnetic Wave Absorption
Jian-Tang Jiang, Yong Yuan, Liang Zhen, Cheng-Yan Xu, Yuan-Xun Gong, Na Chen
Ferromagnetic metal/alloy nanoparticles have attracted extensive interest for electromagnetic wave-absorbing applications. However, ferromagnetic nanoparticles are prone to oxidization and producing eddy currents, leading to the deterioration of electromagnetic properties. In this work, a simple and scalable liquid-phase reduction method was employed to synthesize uniform Co7Fe3 nanospheres with diameters ranging from 350 to 650 nm for high-performance microwave absorption application. Co7Fe3@SiO2 core–shell nanospheres with SiO2 shell thicknesses of 30 nm were then fabricated via a modified Stöber method. When tested as microwave absorbers, bare Co7Fe3 nanospheres with a diameter of 350 nm have a maximum reflection loss (RL) of 78.4 dB and an effective absorption with RL > 10 dB from 10 to 16.7 GHz at a small thickness of 1.59 mm. Co7Fe3@SiO2 nanospheres showed a significantly enhanced microwave absorption capability for an effective absorption bandwidth and a shift toward a lower frequency, which is ascribed to the protection of the SiO2 shell from direct contact among Co7Fe3 nanospheres, as well as improved crystallinity and decreased defects upon annealing. This work illustrates a simple and effective method to fabricate Co7Fe3 and Co7Fe3@SiO2 nanospheres as promising microwave absorbers, and the design concept can also be extended to other ferromagnetic alloy particles.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b03907

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b03907

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