3 years ago

Improving the prediction of soil evaporation for different soil types under dryland cropping

Soil evaporation (ES) is a major fraction of water loss in dryland farming worldwide. Precise estimation of ES is therefore crucial for improved decision-making in agriculture water management. Ritchie’s two-stage ES algorithm is commonly used in crop models to estimate ES. However, use of different ES input values for the same soil type, and lack of understanding on how different soil types affect ES and crop yield in these models can negatively impact the prediction accuracy. To address these issues, a range of input values for stage 1 and stage 2 ES were collated, and their effects on modelled ES and yield were compared for a dryland wheat crop. The results using APSIM farming system model suggest that while in-crop ES increases and yield decreases with the increase of both stage 1 and stage 2 ES input values, the stage 2 values can have a greater effect, especially under lower rainfall conditions across the soil types. Fallow ES and in-crop ES were higher (by 7 and 12mmyr−1 respectively) and yield was lower (by 0.27tha−1 yr−1) under Empirical datasets that used higher stage 2 ES input values than the default datasets. With all the datasets, ES and yield were higher (by 4–51mmyr−1 and 1.51–1.98tha−1 yr−1 respectively) for Black Vertosol than the other soil types. As rainfall and/or ES input values increased, variability in both ES and yield (in turn the modelling error between the datasets) increased, and was higher for Black Vertosol and Red Kandosol soils. These insights will improve the prediction accuracy of ES and dependent factors in the models that apply Ritchie’s algorithm for ES estimation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378377417302469

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