3 years ago

From Starting Formation to the Saturation Content of the β-Phase in Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) Toluene Solutions

From Starting Formation to the Saturation Content of the β-Phase in Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) Toluene Solutions
Zeming Bai, Xiaona Li, Bin Liu, Dan Lu, Tao Li
In this research, the relationship between chain aggregation and poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO) β-phase content with a change of the PFO solution concentration is investigated. Photoluminescence and UV–vis absorption spectra are used to explore the PFO β-phase and its content. Chain aggregation is explored by dynamic light scattering (DLS). It is found that the chain aggregation size of the starting to form PFO β-phase is approximately 100 nm. The β-phase content increases with the chain aggregation degree. When the β-phase content is in the range of 44% ± 2%, the maximum value of the content (saturation content) of the β-phase is reached and cannot be changed by any external field that could induce β-phase formation. Therefore, the concept of the saturation content of the PFO β-phase is first proposed. The mechanism from PFO β-phase formation to saturation content is explored by DLS and atomic force microscopy. This research is significant to understand and control the molecular chain condensed-state process as well as phase transition from solution to film to achieve a photoelectric device with high charge carrier mobility, stability, and efficiency.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03370

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03370

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